Wednesday, March 25, 2020

How to create WebApp in Azure Cloud - Create App service in Microsoft Azure

WebApp is an App service provide by Azure Cloud for hosting your application. It supports .NET, Java, PHP,  Python and NodeJS. 

Steps for Creating WebApp in Azure Portal

1. Now to login portal.azure.com
2. Click on App services


3.Click on + Add or click on Create app service



Click on Web App.

Choose your Azure subscription

Create a new resource group(for first time if you create an app service, otherwise you can use existing group name)
Enter App service name(it should be unique)
Publish as Code
Run time stack as Java 8 --> Tomcat 8.5
Operating System as Linux
Region as Central
Enter LinuxPlan name
Choose SKU and size as given below:
Choose DEV/Test and use 1 GB memory



Click on Apply
Now click on Apply & Create.
This will take bit time to create the app service. Once WebApp is created, go resources, click on Webapp name and click on the URL.




You should see the app service home page some thing like below:



Since our WebApp is up and running, now we can start creating Azure Pipelines to migrate any app to Azure cloud.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Install Java using Puppet on Agent - Create Puppet Manifest to Install Java on Ubuntu

Puppet is a software configuration management tool, used for managing software stack on servers. Java 8 also can be managed using Puppet.

Here below are the steps for installing Java 8 using Puppet on Ubuntu:

First install Java modules on Puppet Master using sudo command.

Step 1
sudo /opt/puppetlabs/bin/puppet module install puppetlabs-java --version 2.2.0


The above command will install Java module on Puppet Master.

Step 2
After that change the manifest in site.pp file in Puppet Master by executing the below command:

sudo vi /etc/puppetlabs/code/environments/production/manifests/site.pp


node 'target_node_private_dns_name' {
class { 

    'java':
    distribution => 'jre',
   }
}



Step 3
Now go to Puppet Agent node and apply the changes by executing the below command:

sudo /opt/puppetlabs/bin/puppet agent --test

Step 4
Check the Java version in the Agent by typing the below command:
java -version

Sunday, March 8, 2020

How to create Jenkinsfile | How to configure Declarative Pipeline | create Jenkins Pipeline As code

Please find steps below for configuring pipeline as a code - Jenkinsfile.

Pre-requistes:

1. Project setup in Bitbucket/GitHub/GitLab
2. Jenkins and Tomcat (web container) set up.
3. Maven installed in Jenkins
4. Sonarqube setup and integrated with Jenkins
5. Nexus configured and integrated with Jenkins
6. Slack channel configured an integrated with Jenkins

Create Jenkinsfile (pipeline code) to your MyWebApp

Step 1

Go to GitHub and choose the Repo where you setup MyWebApp in Lab exercise # 2

Step 2
Click on create new file.


Step 3 - Enter Jenkinsfile as a file name
 

Step 4

Copy and paste the below code and make sure what ever is highlighted in red color needs to be changed per your settings.

That's it. Pipeline as a code - Jenkinsfile is setup in GitHub.

pipeline {
  agent any
 
  tools {
  maven 'Maven3'
  }
  stages {
    stage ('Build') {
      steps {
      sh 'mvn clean install -f MyWebApp/pom.xml'
      }
    }
    stage ('Code Quality') {
      steps {
        withSonarQubeEnv('SonarQube') {
        sh 'mvn -f MyWebApp/pom.xml sonar:sonar'
        }
      }
    }
    stage ('JaCoCo') {
      steps {
      jacoco()
      }
    }
    stage ('Nexus Upload') {
      steps {
      nexusArtifactUploader(
      nexusVersion: 'nexus3',
      protocol: 'http',
      nexusUrl: 'nexus_url:8081',
      groupId: 'myGroupId',
      version: '1.0-SNAPSHOT',
      repository: 'maven-snapshots',
      credentialsId: 'fc0f1694-3036-41fe-b3e3-4c5d96fcfd26',
      artifacts: [
      [artifactId: 'MyWebApp',
      classifier: '',
      file: 'MyWebApp/target/MyWebApp.war',
      type: 'war']
      ])
      }
    }
    stage ('DEV Deploy') {
      steps {
      echo "deploying to DEV Env "
      deploy adapters: [tomcat9(credentialsId: '268c42f6-f2f5-488f-b2aa-f2374d229b2e', path: '', url: 'http://your_public_dns:8080')], contextPath: null, war: '**/*.war'
      }
    }
    stage ('Slack Notification') {
      steps {
        echo "deployed to DEV Env successfully"
        slackSend(channel:'your slack channel_name', message: "Job is successful, here is the info - Job '${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]' (${env.BUILD_URL})")
      }
    }

    stage ('DEV Approve') {
      steps {
      echo "Taking approval from DEV Manager for QA Deployment"
        timeout(time: 7, unit: 'DAYS') {
        input message: 'Do you want to deploy?', submitter: 'admin'
        }
      }
    }

     stage ('QA Deploy') {
      steps {
        echo "deploying to QA Env "
        deploy adapters: [tomcat9(credentialsId: '268c42f6-f2f5-488f-b2aa-f2374d229b2e', path: '', url: 'http://your_dns_name:8080')], contextPath: null, war: '**/*.war'
        }
    }
    stage ('QA Approve') {
      steps {
        echo "Taking approval from QA manager"
        timeout(time: 7, unit: 'DAYS') {
        input message: 'Do you want to proceed to PROD?', submitter: 'admin,manager_userid'
        }
      }
    }

    stage ('Slack Notification for QA Deploy') {
      steps {
        echo "deployed to QA Env successfully"
        slackSend(channel:'your slack channel_name', message: "Job is successful, here is the info - Job '${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]' (${env.BUILD_URL})")
      }
    }
  

  }
}


Step 5
That's it. Pipeline as a code - Jenkinsfile is setup in GitHub.

Click on commit to save into GitHub.


Create Pipeline and Run pipeline from Jenkinsfile

1. Login to Jenkins
2. Click on New item, give some name and choose Pipeline and say OK


3. Under build triggers, choose Poll SCM,
Enter H/02 * * * *


4. Under Pipeline section. click on choose pipeline script from SCM

5. Under SCM, choose Git


6. Enter HTTPS URL of repo and choose credentials - enter user name/password of GitHub.
Script path as Jenkinsfile

7. Click on Apply and Save
8. Click on Build now.

You should see pipeline running and application is deployed to Tomcat.

Declarative Jenkins Pipeline YouTube Video is below:

Create Jenkins Scripted Pipeline - Create Jenkins Pipeline for Automating Builds - How to build, deploy WARs using Jenkins Pipeline - Build pipelines integrate with GitHub, Sonarqube, Slack, JaCoCo, Nexus, Tomcat

Please find below steps for creating pipelines using Jenkins.
What is Pipeline in Jenkins?

- Pipelines are better than freestyle jobs, you can write a lot of complex tasks using pipelines when compared to Freestyle jobs.
- You can see how long each stage takes time to execute so you have more control compared to freestyle.
- Pipeline is groovy based script that have set of plug-ins integrated for automating the builds, deployment and test execution.
- Pipeline defines your entire build process, which typically includes stages for building an application, testing it and then delivering it. 
 - You can use snippet generator to generate pipeline code for the stages you don't know how to write groovy code.
- Pipelines are two types - Scripted pipeline and Declarative pipeline


Pre-requistes:


Install plug-ins
1. Install Deploy to container, Slack, Nexus Artifact Uploader and SonarQube plug-ins (if already installed, you can skip it)

Steps to Create Scripted Pipeline in Jenkins

1. Login to Jenkins

2. Create a New item

3. Give name as MyfirstPipelineJob and choose pipeline

4. Click ok. Pipeline is created now

5. Under build triggers, click on poll SCM, schedule as

H/02 * * * *

6. Go to Pipeline definition section, click on Pipeline syntax link. under sample step drop down, choose checkout: Checkout from version control. enter bitbucket Repository URL, and choose the bitbucket user/password from the drop town. scroll down, click on Generate Pipeline script. Copy the code.

7. Now copy the below pipeline code highlighted section into Pipeline section in the pipeline. Please copy stage by stage

8. Change Maven3, SonarQube, Nexus url variables and also Slack channel name as highlighted above in red as per your settings.

9. For Nexus Upload stage, You need to change the Nexus URL and credentials ID for Nexus (which you can grab from Credentials tab after login)

10. For Dev Deploy stage, you can copy credentials ID used for connecting to Tomcat.


Pipeline Code:

node {

    def mvnHome = tool 'Maven3'
    stage ("checkout")  {
       // copy code here which you generated from step #6
    }

   stage ('build')  {
    sh "${mvnHome}/bin/mvn clean install -f MyWebApp/pom.xml"
    }

     stage ('Code Quality scan')  {
       withSonarQubeEnv('SonarQube') {
       sh "${mvnHome}/bin/mvn -f MyWebApp/pom.xml sonar:sonar"
        }
   }
  
   stage ('Code coverage')  {
       jacoco()
   }

   stage ('Nexus upload')  {
        nexusArtifactUploader(
        nexusVersion: 'nexus3',
        protocol: 'http',
        nexusUrl: 'nexus_url:8081',
        groupId: 'myGroupId',
        version: '1.0-SNAPSHOT',
        repository: 'maven-snapshots',
        credentialsId: '2c293828-9509-49b4-a6e7-77f3ceae7b39',
        artifacts: [
            [artifactId: 'MyWebApp',
             classifier: '',
             file: 'MyWebApp/target/MyWebApp.war',
             type: 'war']
        ]
     )
    }
   
   stage ('DEV Deploy')  {
      echo "deploying to DEV Env "
      deploy adapters: [tomcat9(credentialsId: '4c55fae1-a02d-4b82-ba34-d262176eeb46', path: '', url: 'http://your_public_dns:8080')], contextPath: null, war: '**/*.war'
    }

   stage ('DEV Approve')  {
            echo "Taking approval from DEV Manager"     
            timeout(time: 7, unit: 'DAYS') {
            input message: 'Do you want to deploy?', submitter: 'admin'
            }
     }

  stage ('Slack notification')  {
    slackSend(channel:'channel-name', message: "Job is successful, here is the info -  Job '${env.JOB_NAME} [${env.BUILD_NUMBER}]' (${env.BUILD_URL})")
   }


stage ('QA Deploy')  {
     echo "deploying to QA Env " 
deploy adapters: [tomcat9(credentialsId: '4c55fae1-a02d-4b82-ba34-d262176eeb46', path: '', url: 'http://your_public_dns:8080')], contextPath: null, war: '**/*.war'

}

stage ('QA Approve')  {
    echo "Taking approval from QA manager"

    timeout(time: 7, unit: 'DAYS') {
        input message: 'Do you want to proceed to PROD?', submitter: 'admin,manager_userid'
  }
}
}

10. Click Apply, Save
11. Now click on Build. It should build and deploy the code in tomcat.


You can watch the Scripted pipeline video in my YouTube channel:





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