Tuesday, August 2, 2022

Install Jenkins using Docker | Run Jenkins using Docker Compose on Ubuntu 18.0.4 | Install Jenkins using Docker-Compose

Jenkins is an open source continuous integration/continuous delivery and deployment (CI/CD) automation software DevOps tool written in the Java programming language. It is used to implement CI/CD workflows, called pipelines.

How to setup Jenkins using Docker Compose?

Jenkins is Continuous integration server. It is open source and Java based tool. Jenkins can be setup using Docker Compose with less manual steps.

What is Docker Compose?
Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. With Compose, you use a YAML file to configure your application’s services. Then, with a single command, you create and start all the services from your configuration. Since Docker Compose lets you configure related containers in a single YAML file, you get the same Infrastructure-as-Code abilities as Kubernetes. But they come in a simpler system that’s more suited to smaller applications that don’t need Kubernetes’ resiliency and scaling.
The purpose of docker-compose is to function as docker cli but to issue multiple commands much more quickly. To make use of docker-compose, you need to encode the commands you were running before into a docker-compose.yml file
Run docker-compose up and Compose starts and runs your entire app.


  • New Ubuntu EC2 up and running with at least t2.small
  • Port 8080 is opened in security firewall rule
Perform system update
sudo apt-get update

Install Docker-Compose
sudo apt-get install docker-compose -y

Create docker-compose.yml
this yml has all configuration for installing Jenkins.
sudo vi docker-compose.yml 

(Copy the below code high-lighted in yellow color)
version: '3'
    image: jenkins/jenkins:lts
    restart: always
    privileged: true
    user: root
      - 8080:8080
      - 50000:50000
    container_name: jenkins
      - /home/ubuntu/jenkins_compose/jenkins_configuration:/var/jenkins_home
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock

Save the file by entering :wq!

Execute Docker compose command:
sudo docker-compose up -d 

Make sure Jenkins is up and running by checking the logs
sudo docker-compose logs --follow

Once you see the message, that's it. Jenkins is been installed successfully. press control C and enter.
Now access Jenkins UI by going to browser and enter public dns name with port 8080
Now to go to browser --> http://your_jenkins_publicdns_name:8080/

You can get the Admin password from above command as well.

Enter Admin Password

Enter the password and Click on continue.
Then click on install suggested plug-ins. 
Also create user name and password.
enter everything as admin. at least user name as admin password as admin
Click on Save and Finish. Click on start using Jenkins. Now you should see a screen like below:

That's it. You have setup Jenkins successfully using Docker Compose.

Click here to learn how to create a FreeStyle job in Jenkins to automate Build and Deployment of Java Web App.
Click here to learn how to create a Pipeline job in Jenkins to automate Build and Deployment of Java Web App.

Saturday, July 16, 2022

How to import existing Azure resources into Terraform Management? | Using Terraform to import existing resources on Azure

Let's say that you have created any resources in Azure Cloud by some other means(manually or using azure CLI) before you started using Terraform. You can import them under Terraform management instead of destroying and re-creating them from scratch. The terraform import command can be used to import existing resources. 

This command currently can import only one resource at a time. This means you can't yet point Terraform import to an entire collection of resources such as azure resource group and import all the resources under that group.

To achieve this import exercise, we will do the following:

1. Create resource group, app service manually in Azure cloud (yes, by not using terraform)

2. Create terraform file and write code to create the resource. 

3. Run terraform apply to see the error complaining resource exists

4. run terraform import

5. Verify in the state file that resource is imported into Terraform state.

6. Perform terraform destroy to clean up the imported resources

Watch the steps in YouTube channel:


1. Install Terraform on your machine

2. Azure account setup

3. VS Code or any IDE

Let's create the resource manually in Azure Cloud first

Login to Azure portal - https://portal.azure.com/#home

Create App service manually in portal 

Create terraform file 

To import any resource, create a tf file first write a resource block for it in your configuration, establishing the name by which it will be known to Terraform:

terraform {
  required_providers {
    azurerm = {
      source  = "hashicorp/azurerm"
      version = ">=2.99.0"
# Configure the Microsoft Azure Provider
provider "azurerm" {
  features {}
# Add this block code if you want to import existing Resource group
resource "azurerm_resource_group" "rg" {
  name     = "myManualRG"
  location = "southcentralus"
  tags = {
    owner       = "ak"
    orgnization = "MyOrg"
resource "azurerm_service_plan" "service-plan" {
  name                = "myServicePlan"
  location = azurerm_resource_group.rg.location
  resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.rg.name
  os_type             = "Linux"
  sku_name            = "S1"
  tags = {
          environment = "dev"
# Create JAVA app service
resource "azurerm_linux_web_app" "app-service" {
  name = "MyAwesomeSuperWebApp"
  location = azurerm_resource_group.rg.location
  resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.rg.name
  service_plan_id = azurerm_service_plan.service-plan.id
  site_config {
    minimum_tls_version = "1.0"
    application_stack {
      java_server         = "TOMCAT"
      java_version        = "java11"
      java_server_version = 9.5
tags = {
    environment = "dev"

Now run terraform apply command

terraform import can be run to import the resource under Terraform management.

Import Resource Group created manually in Azure Cloud into Terraform Management:

terraform import azurerm_resource_group.rg /subscriptions/XXXXX/resourceGroups/myManualRG

Terraform State View
Execute --> terraform state list
The above command will show the below output.

This command will list the resources that are part of Terraform state.

Import App service plan created manually in Azure Cloud into Terraform Management:

terraform import azurerm_app_service_plan.service-plan /subscriptions/XXXXXX/resourceGroups/myManualRG/providers/Microsoft.Web/serverfarms/myServicePlan

Terraform State View
Execute --> terraform state list
The above command will show the below output.

Import App Service created manually in Azure Cloud into Terraform Management:
terraform import azurerm_app_service.app-service /subscriptions/XXXX/resourceGroups/myManualRG/providers/Microsoft.Web/sites/myPythonWebApp

Terraform State View
Execute --> terraform state list

The above command will show the below output.


finally clean up the resources 
Execute --> terraform destroy
enter yes

This will clean up all three resources we have imported from Azure cloud.

How to create Web App in Azure Cloud | Create App service in Microsoft Azure

WebApp is an App service provide by Azure Cloud for hosting your application. It supports .NET, Java, PHP,  Python and NodeJS. It is a fully managed Platform as a Serice (PaaS) where developers can deploy mobile or web applications in Azure Cloud.

Steps for Creating WebApp in Azure Portal

1. Now to login portal.azure.com
2. Click on App services

3.Click on + Add or click on Create app service

Click on Web App.

Choose your Azure subscription

Create a new resource group(for first time if you create an app service, otherwise you can use existing group name)
Enter App service name(it should be unique)
Publish as Code
Run time stack as Java 11 --> Tomcat 8.5
Operating System as Linux
Region as South Central US or what ever you are close to.
Enter LinuxPlan name
Choose SKU and size as given below:

Choose DEV/Test and use 1 GB memory

Click on Apply
Now click on Apply & Create.
This will take bit time to create the app service. Once WebApp is created, go to resources, click on Webapp name and click on the URL.

You should see the app service home page some thing like below:

Tuesday, June 28, 2022

How to Deploy Springboot App into AKS cluster using Azure Pipelines | Deploy Docker Containers into AKS cluster using Azure Rlease Pipelines | Deploy Microservices into AKS cluster using Azure Pipelines

We are going to learn how to deploy Springboot Microservices Docker containers into Azure Kubernetes Cluster(AKS) using Azure pipelines. I have created a sample Springboot App setup in GitHub. Click here to access code base in GitHub.

Watch the steps in YouTube Channel:


1. AKS cluster needs to be up running. You can create AKS cluster using any of one of the below options:

2. ACR is also setup in Azure cloud. 
3.  Have Azure DevOps project dashboard in 
4. Dockerfile created along with the application source code for springboot App.
6. Modify K8S manifest file per acr, image name for AKS Deployment

Implementation Steps:

Step 1 - Create Azure Build pipeline for building Docker images and uploading into ACR
Step 2 - Create Azure Release pipeline for deploying Springboot Docker containers into AKS
Step 1 - How to create a Azure Build Pipeline

1. Login into your Azure DevOps dashboard
2. Click on Pipelines.

3. Click on New Pipeline

4. Click on use the classic editor
Enter your repo name and branch name where you have stored your source code along with Dockerfile:

Click on Continue. Now choose the template by typing Docker, Select Docker container and Apply.

Now pipeline is created with two tasks already. We need to more tasks:
Let's add Maven build task for building the JAR file.
Click on + icon and type Maven
And then enter maven goal as package

Let's modify Build an image task.

Select Push an image task

Add a task for Copying YAML file, enter the Kubernetes deployment YAML file - 

Add Publish artifact task

Now click Save + Queue and run to start Building the pipeline

Once the build is completed, you should be able to see the Docker images under 
Services --> Repositories

Step 2 - How to Create Release pipeline for deploying Docker containers into AKS Cluster 

Go to Pipelines --> Click on Releases --> New Release pipeline

Click on Stage 1 and choose a template by selecting
Deploy to a Kubernetes cluster and click on Apply

Change the stage name to Deploy to AKS

Now click on Add an artifact

Select the Build pipeline and click on the latest version

Now click on Deploy to AKS stage
Add Replace token task

Click on + to add task, type token and choose replace token task. 

Now click on replace token task and Clik on root directory, click on ... dots
 select the drop directory from below:

and enter Target file as  aks-deploy-from-acr.yaml

Click on kubectl apply

Now Click on New to enter AKS cluster connection info

Choose the Azure subscription and enter Microsoft user credentials.

Select AKS cluster from the drop down, choose default namespace

Choose command as apply and select the yaml file from the dropdown from Configuration file 

Now click on Save,
Click on Create a release

and then click Create to run the deployment

Click on Stage to see the logs

Now you will see the following tasks are in green to confirm Deployment was successful.

Let's check if deployment created any pods

kubectl get deployments

kubectl get pods

kubectl get svc

Now try to access spring boot application running inside AKS cluster by using external IP and port number

Go to the browser enter http://external IP

Install Jenkins using Docker | Run Jenkins using Docker Compose on Ubuntu 18.0.4 | Install Jenkins using Docker-Compose

Jenkins is an open source continuous integration/continuous delivery and deployment (CI/CD) automation software DevOps tool written in the J...