Friday, July 9, 2021

Ansible Playbook for provisioning a new EC2 instance in AWS | Create new EC2 instance in AWS cloud using Ansible Playbook

We will learn how to create Ansible Playbook for provisioning a new EC2 instance in AWS cloud. Please follow the below steps in the machine where you have installed Ansible.

Watch here for YouTube Video:


Steps to create EC2 instance using Ansible:

Login to EC2 instance using Git bash or ITerm/putty where you installed Ansible. Execute the below command:

Create an Inventory file first

sudo mkdir /etc/ansible

Edit Ansible hosts or inventory file
sudo vi /etc/ansible/hosts
Add the below two lines in the end of the file:

cd ~
mkdir playbooks  
cd playbooks

Create Ansible playbook
sudo vi create_ec2.yml 
(copy the below content in green color)
edit the create_jenkins_ec2.yml to make sure you update the key which is red marked below:

 - name:  provisioning EC2 instances using Ansible
   hosts: localhost
   connection: local
   gather_facts: False
   tags: provisioning

     keypair: myJan2024Key
     instance_type: t2.small
     image: ami-007855ac798b5175e
     wait: yes
     group: webserver
     count: 1
     region: us-east-1
     security_group: my-jenkins-security-grp

     - name: Task # 1 - Create my security group
         module: ec2_group
         name: "{{ security_group }}"
         description: Security Group for webserver Servers
         region: "{{ region }}"
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 22
              to_port: 22
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 8080
              to_port: 8080
            - proto: tcp
              from_port: 80
              to_port: 80
            - proto: all
       register: basic_firewall
     - name: Task # 2 Launch the new EC2 Instance
       local_action:  ec2 
                      group={{ security_group }} 
                      instance_type={{ instance_type}} 
                      image={{ image }} 
                      region={{ region }} 
                      keypair={{ keypair }}
       register: ec2
     - name: Task # 3 Add Tagging to EC2 instance
       local_action: ec2_tag resource={{ }} region={{ region }} state=present
       with_items: "{{ ec2.instances }}"
           Name: MyTargetEc2Instance

now execute the ansible playbook by
ansible-playbook create_ec2.yml

If everything is good, you should see the new instance created on AWS console. make sure you are able to connect to that instance.

That's it!! That is how you create a new EC2 instance using Ansible.


  1. An exception occurred during task execution. To see the full traceback, use -vvv. The error was: botocore.exceptions.NoCre
    dentialsError: Unable to locate credentials
    fatal: [local -> localhost]: FAILED! => {"boto3_version": "1.20.30", "botocore_version": "1.23.30", "changed": false, "msg
    ": "Error in describe_security_groups: Unable to locate credentials"}

    Getting this error while use yoyr above script

    1. Did you attach your IAM role to Ansible machine ?

  2. TASK [Task] *******************************************************************************************************************************************
    fatal: [localhost]: FAILED! => {"msg": "The module ec2\n was not found in configured module paths"}

  3. Below is the error I'm getting; can you please help?

    fatal: [local -> localhost]: FAILED! => {"changed": false, "msg": "Failed to import the required Python library (botocore or boto3) on ip-172-31-30-99.ec2.internal's Python /usr/bin/python3.8. Please read the module documentation and install it in the appropriate location. If the required library is installed, but Ansible is using the wrong Python interpreter, please consult the documentation on ansible_python_interpreter"}

    1. i got the same error, did u found any solution, tony?

    2. J'ai eu la même erreur, avez-vous trouvé une solution?

  4. Hi. I am new to devops.
    i tried to provide ec2 instalce through playbook. but i got below error
    Python, ansible, pip, boto, boto3 and botocore are installed here.
    Can you please advice me?

    root@test-my-test () ~ # ansible-playbook ec2.yml
    [WARNING]: provided hosts list is empty, only localhost is available. Note that the implicit localhost does not match 'all'

    PLAY [provisioning EC2 instances using Ansible] *********************

    TASK [Task] ********************************************************
    ok: [localhost -> localhost]

    TASK [Task] ************************************************
    *fatal: [localhost -> localhost]: FAILED! => {"changed": false, "msg": "boto required for this module”}*

    PLAY RECAP ******************************************************
    localhost : ok=1 changed=0 unreachable=0 failed=1 skipped=0 rescued=0 ignored=0

    root@test-my-test () ~ # pip list | grep boto
    boto 2.49.0
    boto3 1.26.3
    botocore 1.29.3
    root@test-maltesh-test () ~ #

    root@test-my-test () ~ # python -c "import botocore"
    root@test-my-test () ~ # python -c "import boto"

    root@test-my-test () ~ # ansible --version
    ansible 2.9.27
    config file = /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg
    configured module search path = [u'/root/.ansible/plugins/modules', u'/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules']
    ansible python module location = /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/ansible
    executable location = /usr/bin/ansible
    python version = 2.7.18 (default, May 25 2022, 14:30:51) [GCC 7.3.1 20180712 (Red Hat 7.3.1-15)]
    root@test-my-test () ~ # python --version
    Python 3.7.10


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