Sunday, May 3, 2020

Create Jenkins Pipeline for automating Docker image creation and push docker image into Docker Hub | Dockerize Python App

We will learn how to automate Docker builds using Jenkins. We will use Python based application. I have already created a repo with source code + Dockerfile. We will be creating Jenkins pipeline for automating builds.


- Automating builds
- Automating Docker image creation
- Automating Docker image upload
- Automating Docker container provisioning

Pre-requistes:
1. Jenkins is up and running
2. Docker installed on Jenkins instance and configured.
3. Docker plug-in installed in Jenkins
4. user account setup in https://cloud.docker.com
5. port 8096 is opened up in firewall rules.

Step #1 - Create Credentials for Docker Hub
Go to your Jenkins where you have installed Docker as well. Go to credentials -->


Click on Global credentials
Click on Add Credentials


Now Create an entry for Docker Hub credentials

Make sure you take note of the ID as circled below:


Step # 2 - Create a pipeline in Jenkins, name can be anything

Step # 3 - Copy the pipeline code from below
Make sure you change red highlighted values below:
Your docker user id should be updated.
your registry credentials ID from Jenkins from step # 1 should be copied

pipeline {
    agent any 
    environment {
        //once you sign up for Docker hub, use that user_id here
        registry = "your_docker_user_id/mypythonapp"
        //- update your credentials ID after creating credentials for connecting to Docker Hub
        registryCredential = 'fa32f95a-2d3e-4c7b-8f34-11bcc0191d70'
        dockerImage = ''
    }
    
    stages {
        stage('Cloning Git') {
            steps {
                checkout([$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: '*/master']], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[credentialsId: '', url: 'https://bitbucket.org/ananthkannan/mypythonrepo']]])       
            }
        }
    
    // Building Docker images
    stage('Building image') {
      steps{
        script {
          dockerImage = docker.build registry
        }
      }
    }
    
     // Uploading Docker images into Docker Hub
    stage('Upload Image') {
     steps{    
         script {
            docker.withRegistry( '', registryCredential ) {
            dockerImage.push()
            }
        }
      }
    }
    
     // Stopping Docker containers for cleaner Docker run
     stage('docker stop container') {
         steps {
            sh 'docker ps -f name=mypythonappContainer -q | xargs --no-run-if-empty docker container stop'
            sh 'docker container ls -a -fname=mypythonappContainer -q | xargs -r docker container rm'
         }
       }
    
    
    // Running Docker container, make sure port 8096 is opened in 
    stage('Docker Run') {
     steps{
         script {
            dockerImage.run("-p 8096:5000 --rm --name mypythonappContainer")
         }
      }
    }
  }
}

Step # 4 - Click on Build - Build the pipeline
Once you create the pipeline and changes values per your Docker user id and credentials ID, click on 

Steps # 5 - Access Python App
Once build is successful, go to browser and enter http://public_dns_name:8096
You should see page like below:




4 comments:

  1. i have created a docker jenkins image in my local machine , i log in thru that via localhost:8082 and i have used the pipeline from ur tutorial , but when building i get docker command not found
    i tried to see lot of resource but not able to figure out how to install docker . Please be informed i am using WSL . Docker is in my local and has jenkins installed in it . From that jenkins i am running all my code.

    ReplyDelete
  2. great...!! explanation instead of docker can we embeed jfrog

    ReplyDelete
  3. hi i am facing in Jenkins console output : docker: command not found. please help me same

    ReplyDelete

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